The Viking Era



As in other areas of Europe the Viking onslaught radically altered the existing political structure and like the Roman invasions 700 years before caused significant changes to occur in the society of the time and in the existing political structure that emerged from it. The Pictish kingdom, and the Welsh kingdom of Strathclyde were destroyed while the Scottish kingdom was weakened. This  set in motion the creation of the new kingdom of Scotland called Alba in Gaelic which would during the course of the tenth century overcome the worst of the Viking attacks, though for a time it was doubtful if it would survive as a political entity. However, as before and after use of the geography and topography enabled eventual victory over the Vikings resulting in the emergence of the new Scottish kingdom which by the early eleventh century encompassed what had been the five independent kingdoms five hundred years earlier.


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