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Scotland – Its Unique Story Part 4

From the beginning 0f the 1100’s there was a renewed influx of people from abroad in to the newly established Scottish Royal burghs such as Berwick and Roxburgh where the newcomers including several important monastic orders helped transform the Scottish economy from being overwhelmingly rural and agricultural to being more diverse. The Cistercian monks of Melrose Abbey developed a particularly famous and highly regarded wool which was exported to Flanders and through the Hanseatic League to the wider trade networks which had been established through Northern Europe. As previously these new arrivals introduced new methods of doing things such as in agriculture, trade and technology such as the improved, heavier  ploughs which greatly stimulated food production. These important trade links were centred on the Baltic region and the Low countries and the next few centuries saw a continual strengthening of these connections until they reached major proportions in the seventeenth century. Together with the continuing Scandinavian influences there was a particularly large influx of Flemish people from Flanders  leading to the growth of very strong trade connections with the Low countries based principally on wool, leather, and cloth.